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GURPS Classic: Blood Types (1995) is a classic GURPS reference book that lists the name of 78 different types of vampires from actual mythology and describes 35 vampires (or vampire like) beings from both mythology and fiction under 23 listings. Theresa Bane's 2010 Encyclopedia Of Vampire Mythology (and the enacademic.com web site based on it) has been used update GURPS Blood Types.

"Glossary of Foreign Vampires" from GURPS Blood TypesEdit

"Where possible, foreign terms have been given a literal translation. Creatures marked with an asterisk have been described in detail in Chapter 5." Creatures in bold have been cross-referenced information from the Encyclopedia of Vampire Mythology. On vampires with actual stats (*) are listed on this wiki.

A and BEdit

Adze* (Africa; Ghana and Togo)
Algul, Aluga (Arabia): “Horse leech” listed under Aigul
Alp (Germany, Slavonia)
Aswang* (Philippines)
Baital, Baitala* (India)
Bebarlang* (Philippines)
Boabhan-Sith (Scottish); spelled Baobham Sith
Bhuta (India): Generic vampire term
Blutsauger (Germany): “Blood sucker”
Bruxsa* (Portugal)

C and DEdit

Callicantzaro* (Greece)
Ch'iang Shich* (China)
Chordewa* (Bengal)
Churel (India)
Civateteo* (Pre-Columbian Mexico)
Danag (Philippines)
Dearg-dul (Celtic Ireland): “Blood sucker”; variant of Dearg-Due
Dubbelsuger, Dopplesauger (Germany, Slavic states): “Double sucker”: variant of Doppelsauger

E to JEdit

Empusa (Ancient Greece); under Empouse
Erestun, Eretica, Eretik (Russia)
Gaki* (Japan)
Ghul* (Arabic)
Givach (Prussia): Listed under Gierach
Hannya* (Japan)
Hsi-hsue-kuei (China): “Blood sucking demon”; listed under varient spelling of Hsi-Hsue-Kue
Jaracacas* (Brazil); under "Jaracas"

KEdit

Kasha (Japan)
Katakahana (Crete): variant spelling of Katakhana
Kephn* (Burma)
Kosac (Croatia)
Kozlak (Dalmatia)
Krvoijac (Bulgaria)
Kukuthi (Albania): Variant of Kukudhi

LEdit

Lamia* (Ancient Greece)
Lampir (Bosnia)
Langsoir/Langsuir* (Malaysia)
Larvae (Roman): plural of Larva
Leanhaun-Sidhe (Ireland): variation of Leanhaum-Shee
Liderc nadaly (Hungary)
Lilitu* (Babylonia)
Lobishomen (Brazil)
Loogaroo* (West Indies)
Lugat (Albania)
Lupi Manari (Croatia)

M and NEdit

Mormo*
Moroii*, Muroni (Romania): Listed under Living Vampire in Encyclopedia of Vampire Mythology
Motetz Dam (Hebrew): “Blood sucker”
Mullo (Gypsy)
Nachzehrer (German)
Nelapsi (Slovakia)
Neuntoter (Germany) “Nine Killer”
Nosferatu* (Romania): actual word is Nosferat

O and PEdit

Obayifo* (West Africa; Ashanti)
Penanggalen* (Malay)
Pijavica (Slovenia, N.W. Yugoslavia)
Pontianak* (Malaysia)
Priculics (Romania)

S and TEdit

Sampiro (Albania)
Sanguisuga (Roman Empire): “Blood sucking”
Strigoii (Romania): listed as a variant of Cel-Rau
Strix* (Roman Empire): listed under Sheerree as Strix Nocturna
Incubus/Succubus* (Europe)
Talamaur (Australian isles)
Tlaciques* (Mexico; Nahuatl)
Tenatz (Montenegro)
Tenjac (Croatia)
Tympanios* (Greece): varient spelling "Tympaniaois" listed under Vyrkolakas

U to ZEdit

Ubour, Upior, Upyr, Upi (Russia, Poland, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia); Variation: Upier
Ustrel* (Bulgaria)
Vampir, Vampiir, Vampyras*, Wampir, Wamphyr (Slavic states)
Varcolaci (Romania): listed under Priculics
Vere-Imaja (Latvia)
Veripard (Latvia, Estonia, Russia)
Vetal, Vetala (India): crosslisted with Baital
Viesczy, Vjiesce, (Slavic; Russia, Poland)
Volkodlak, Vukodlak (Serbia, Slovenia, Croatia): Originally meant “Werewolf". Also listed under Volkolak
Vyrolakos* (Balkan; Albania, Greece)

Vampires detailed in GURPS Blood TypesEdit

Below is a quick summery of those 23 vampires (or vampire like beings) with their alternative equivalents in other countries listed.

Those with a "*" are active in daylight:

Adze*: supernatural entity vampire from central Africa mainly Ghana and Togo.

Alien*: otherworldly vampire-may or may not be supernatural in nature.

Astral*: mortal vampire (sorcerer) found around the world. Some examples are Bebarlang of Southeast Asia and Philippines and the Chordewa of Bangal hill tribes.

Baital*: supernatural entity vampire from India.

Ch'iang Shich: Undead vampire from China. Must be burned completely to be destroyed and can put their essence to an object requiring it to be destroyed.

Civateteo*: an undead vampire of Mesoamerica (listed under Cihuateteo). Another variant of this from the same region is the Langsoir.

Gaki*: supernatural vampire-like being from Japan-may be either animated corpse or otherworldly spirit.

Ghul*: Mortal vampire (flesh eater) from Arabian folktales. Hannya is the Japanese equivalent.

Gothic*: undead vampire made famous by Dracula and most of the movie variants inspired by the work.

Half-Vampire*: Mortal vampire that is usually a servant or slave to the Gothic type. The Dhampir of Gypsy mythology is the half-Vampire offspring of a human and vampire.

High-Tech*: Mortal vampire created via super science.

Human[1]*: Mortal Vampire who feels the need to drink another's blood. Moroii (Romania) are human vampires with supernatural powers and destined to rise as undead when they die.

Incubus/Succubus*: supernatural vampire-like entity that drains life via sexual contact rather than blood

Lamia*: undead/supernatural entity from ancient Greece. (Word is 5th-century Vulgate's translation of Lilith) Other names are Empusae and [Mormo]. The Jaracacas is the Brazilian equivalent.

Lilitu*: supernatural entity vampire from ancient Mesopotamia. Name and nature has connection to Adam's first wife (Lilith)[2]

Loogaroo*: Mortal vampire (soul pact) of Haiti. Obayifo (Africa) is from the Ashanti people and the Tlalicque is from pre-Columbian Mexico. Generally female.

Modern: Updated version of Gothic vampire type.

Nosferatu (word): Nonexistent word[3] that supposedly means undead in Romanian. In the context of GURPS Blood Types it is the vampire seen in the film Nosferatu. Called Nosferat in "Varieties of Vampires" and Encyclopedia of Vampire Mythology.

Penanggalen: Female mortal vampire (soul pact) of Malay Peninsula. Male counterpart in Berma is the Kephn. Can only feed at night. Anananngel (Philippines) is another variant.

Strix: Mortal vampire (witch) of ancient Rome. Variants are the Aswang (Philippines) and Bruxsa (Portugal)

Usrel: Undead child vampire of Poland. If not properly destroyed can rise again as another type. Variants are the Callicantzaros (Greece) and Pontiannak (Malaysia)

Vampir: Traditional undead European vampire of the Slavic nations. Usually attacks in astral form and is more likely to be a peasant than noble. Ka (Egypt) is a rough equivalent to the Vampir's astral form.

Vyrolakos*: Traditional undead European vampire of the Balkan nations. Usually attacks physically and in the legend would often take human mates and have families. Tympanios is a precursor variant that was less insane and did not depend on blood.

Bibliography Edit

GURPS Blood Types uses a host of sources but here are the more scholarly ones:

  • Barber, Paul (1988) Vampires, Burial and Death (Yale University Press)
  • Bunson, Matthew (1993) The Vampire Encyclopedia (Crown Publications)
  • Frayling, Christopher (1991) Vampyres: Lord Byron to Count Dracula (Faber and Faber, Ltd)
  • Haining, Peter (1977) The Dracula Scrapbook (Bramhall House)
  • McNally, Raymond T. and Florescu, Radu (1972) In Search of Dracula (N.Y. Graphic Society)
  • Melton, J. Gordon (1994) The Vampire Book (Visible Ink Press)
  • Summers, Montague (1928) The Vampire, His Kith and Kin (Routledge and Keegan Paul)
  • Summers, Montague (1929) The Vampire in Europe (Routledge and Keegan Paul)
  • Twitchell, James B, (1975) The Living Dead: The Vampire in Romantic Literature (Duke University Press)
  • Wolf, Leonard (ed.) (1995) The Essential Dracula (Plume)

Additional Material Edit

References Edit

  1. Listed under Living Vampire in Encyclopedia of Vampire Mythology
  2. Bane, Theresa (2010) Encyclopedia of Vampire Mythology McFarland pg 95
  3. Nosferatu: Origin and Definitions