GURPS Classic: Blood Types (1995) is a classic GURPS reference book that lists the name of 78 different types of vampires from actual mythology and describes 35 vampires (or vampire like) beings from both mythology and fiction under 23 listings. Theresa Bane's 2010 Encyclopedia Of Vampire Mythology (and the enacademic.com web site based on it) has been used update GURPS Blood Types.
"Glossary of Foreign Vampires" from GURPS Blood TypesEdit
"Where possible, foreign terms have been given a literal translation. Creatures marked with an asterisk have been described in detail in Chapter 5." Creatures in bold have been cross-referenced information from the Encyclopedia of Vampire Mythology. On vampires with actual stats (*) are listed on this wiki.
A and BEdit
Adze* (Africa; Ghana and Togo)
Algul, Aluga (Arabia): “Horse leech” listed under Aigul
Alp (Germany, Slavonia)
Baital, Baitala* (India)
Boabhan-Sith (Scottish); spelled Baobham Sith
Bhuta (India): Generic vampire term
Blutsauger (Germany): “Blood sucker”
C and DEdit
Ch'iang Shich* (China)
Civateteo* (Pre-Columbian Mexico)
Dearg-dul (Celtic Ireland): “Blood sucker”; variant of Dearg-Due
Dubbelsuger, Dopplesauger (Germany, Slavic states): “Double sucker”: variant of Doppelsauger
E to JEdit
Empusa (Ancient Greece); under Empouse
Erestun, Eretica, Eretik (Russia)
Givach (Prussia): Listed under Gierach
Hsi-hsue-kuei (China): “Blood sucking demon”; listed under varient spelling of Hsi-Hsue-Kue
Jaracacas* (Brazil); under "Jaracas"
Lamia* (Ancient Greece)
Larvae (Roman): plural of Larva
Leanhaun-Sidhe (Ireland): variation of Leanhaum-Shee
Liderc nadaly (Hungary)
Loogaroo* (West Indies)
Lupi Manari (Croatia)
M and NEdit
Moroii*, Muroni (Romania): Listed under Living Vampire in Encyclopedia of Vampire Mythology
Motetz Dam (Hebrew): “Blood sucker”
Neuntoter (Germany) “Nine Killer”
Nosferatu* (Romania): actual word is Nosferat
O and PEdit
S and TEdit
Sanguisuga (Roman Empire): “Blood sucking”
Strigoii (Romania): listed as a variant of Cel-Rau
Strix* (Roman Empire): listed under Sheerree as Strix Nocturna
Talamaur (Australian isles)
Tlaciques* (Mexico; Nahuatl)
Tympanios* (Greece): varient spelling "Tympaniaois" listed under Vyrkolakas
U to ZEdit
Ubour, Upior, Upyr, Upi (Russia, Poland, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia); Variation: Upier
Vampir, Vampiir, Vampyras*, Wampir, Wamphyr (Slavic states)
Varcolaci (Romania): listed under Priculics
Veripard (Latvia, Estonia, Russia)
Vetal, Vetala (India): crosslisted with Baital
Viesczy, Vjiesce, (Slavic; Russia, Poland)
Volkodlak, Vukodlak (Serbia, Slovenia, Croatia): Originally meant “Werewolf". Also listed under Volkolak
Vyrolakos* (Balkan; Albania, Greece)
Vampires detailed in GURPS Blood TypesEdit
Below is a quick summery of those 23 vampires (or vampire like beings) with their alternative equivalents in other countries listed.
Those with a "*" are active in daylight:
• Adze*: supernatural entity vampire from central Africa mainly Ghana and Togo.
• Alien*: otherworldly vampire-may or may not be supernatural in nature.
• Baital*: supernatural entity vampire from India.
• Ch'iang Shich: Undead vampire from China. Must be burned completely to be destroyed and can put their essence to an object requiring it to be destroyed.
• Gaki*: supernatural vampire-like being from Japan-may be either animated corpse or otherworldly spirit.
• Gothic*: undead vampire made famous by Dracula and most of the movie variants inspired by the work.
• Half-Vampire*: Mortal vampire that is usually a servant or slave to the Gothic type. The Dhampir of Gypsy mythology is the half-Vampire offspring of a human and vampire.
• High-Tech*: Mortal vampire created via super science.
• Human*: Mortal Vampire who feels the need to drink another's blood. Moroii (Romania) are human vampires with supernatural powers and destined to rise as undead when they die.
• Modern: Updated version of Gothic vampire type.
• Nosferatu (word): Nonexistent word that supposedly means undead in Romanian. In the context of GURPS Blood Types it is the vampire seen in the film Nosferatu. Called Nosferat in "Varieties of Vampires" and Encyclopedia of Vampire Mythology.
• Vampir: Traditional undead European vampire of the Slavic nations. Usually attacks in astral form and is more likely to be a peasant than noble. Ka (Egypt) is a rough equivalent to the Vampir's astral form.
• Vyrolakos*: Traditional undead European vampire of the Balkan nations. Usually attacks physically and in the legend would often take human mates and have families. Tympanios is a precursor variant that was less insane and did not depend on blood.
GURPS Blood Types uses a host of sources but here are the more scholarly ones:
- Barber, Paul (1988) Vampires, Burial and Death (Yale University Press)
- Bunson, Matthew (1993) The Vampire Encyclopedia (Crown Publications)
- Frayling, Christopher (1991) Vampyres: Lord Byron to Count Dracula (Faber and Faber, Ltd)
- Haining, Peter (1977) The Dracula Scrapbook (Bramhall House)
- McNally, Raymond T. and Florescu, Radu (1972) In Search of Dracula (N.Y. Graphic Society)
- Melton, J. Gordon (1994) The Vampire Book (Visible Ink Press)
- Summers, Montague (1928) The Vampire, His Kith and Kin (Routledge and Keegan Paul)
- Summers, Montague (1929) The Vampire in Europe (Routledge and Keegan Paul)
- Twitchell, James B, (1975) The Living Dead: The Vampire in Romantic Literature (Duke University Press)
- Wolf, Leonard (ed.) (1995) The Essential Dracula (Plume)
Additional Material Edit
- Bane, Theresa (2010) Encyclopedia of Vampire Mythology McFarland ISBN 9780786444526. (internet archive)
- The Vampedia's page on GURPS Blood Types consolidates some of this information.
- GURPS Update